Ultrasound of the mammary glands allows you to evaluate the structure of the mammary glands.
In some cases, during the examination of the mammary glands, the doctor may additionally apply doppler to assess the blood flow in the mammary glands, as well as elastography. Sometimes it provides additional information on the mammary glands pathology.
Ultrasound of the mammary glands is performed to detect benign and malignant lesions in the mammary glands detected by the doctor during the general medical examination. Ultrasound is used as an independent method, and in combination with mammography.
Ultrasound of the mammary glands is used as a screening study during the medical check-up.
In some cases, in diagnostic sense, Ultrasound of the mammary glands exceed mammography, for example, during the examination of mammary glands in young women, women with fibro-cystic mastopathy, and when it is the detection of cysts of the mammary glands.
Modern studies conducted in many countries of the world, recommend women who are under the age of 35 to do ultrasound of the mammary glands, not mammography.
Preparation for ultrasound of the mammary glands
An initial prophylactic examination can be done on any day of the cycle. Ultrasound of the mammary glands for a clarifying purpose is desirable to be performed in the first 10 days of the menstrual cycle (optimally 5-9 days). No special preparing is required.
Before the examination, you will be asked to undress your breast. You will lie on your back with a raised arm above your head. In some cases, the doctor may ask you to change your body position. Next, a special gel is applied on the skin, which allows you to create optimal contact between the skin and the ultrasound sensor. The doctor, moving the sensor over the mammary glands, evaluates the structure of the mammary glands, taking pictures of pathological formations if it is necessary. The study is painless and does not cause discomfort.
Benefits of ultrasound of the mammary glands:
♦ During the ultrasound scan, ionizing radiation is not used.
♦ Ultrasound scans give a clear idea of soft tissues that are not reflected in X-rays.
♦ Ultrasound research is carried out in real time, allowing the biopsy of the identified formations.
♦ Ultrasonography can detect pathology of mammary glands in women with fibro-cystic mastopathy.
♦ Ultrasound can help identify and categorize pathology of mammary glands, which can not be adequately interpreted with the use of a single mammography.
Ultrasound examination is one of the methods used to diagnose malignant mammary glands, but it does not replace mammography, as mammography does not replace ultrasonography and a thorough clinical examination of the mammary gland.
Diagnostic value of ultrasound, as well as other diagnostic methods (X-ray, mammography, computer and magnetic resonance imaging, etc.), is directly proportional to the good equipment and professionalism of the doctor.