Ultrasound of the thyroid gland is the most accessible and effective method of diagnostics, which allows you to estimate the size and structure of the thyroid gland, as well as its vascular and lymphatic network.
The thyroid gland is one of the nine endocrine glands located in the front of the neck slightly below the Adam’s apple. It consist of two parts – two lobes, which are connected by an isthmus.
Ultrasound of the thyroid gland is carried out in the following cases:
- In case of suspected tumors and cysts in the thyroid gland.
- In case of hypothyroidism, Graves’ disease and other diseases of the thyroid gland.
- As a screening research is used during prophylactic medical examinations.
Doctors recommend thyroid ultrasound once a year.
Causes for prophylactic ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland:
♦ Symptoms: apathy, fatigue, lethargy, weakness, obesity, drowsiness, excessive irritability, mood swings, exhaustion.
♦ professional harm, including work on a computer.
♦ age is over 40 years old.
♦ taking hormonal drugs.
♦ hereditary diseases of the thyroid gland, diabetes mellitus.
♦ before pregnancy.
The method does not require training from the patient, and is not related to X-ray or other ionizing radiation. During the ultrasound of the thyroid gland, you will have to remove clothes and jewelry in the area that will be explored.
During the study you will lie on your back. It will be applied a special gel on the skin, which allows us to create the optimal contact between the skin and ultrasound sensor. Then the doctor, moving the sensor over the definite areas, evaluates the structure of the thyroid gland, taking pictures of pathological formations if it is necessary. The study is painless and does not cause discomfort.