Diseases of the cardiovascular system - Клініка Стефана Хміля

Diseases of the cardiovascular system

The diseases of the cardiovascular system are the most common in Ukraine and in the world.

Causes of cardiovascular diseases:

  1. Hypodynamia — sedentary lifestyle (insufficient load on the cardiac muscle);
  2. Incorrect nutrition, which leads to blockage of the vessels by fatty deposits (atherosclerotic plaques);
  3. Emotional overload, which entails an increased level of adrenalin and blood pressure.

Risk factors include:

  • diabetes;
  • overweight or obesity;
  • excessive consumption of alcohol and smoking.

The main complaints of patients are pain or discomfort behind the sternum, sometimes pain spreads to the left arm, neck, lower jaw; fast or irregular heartbeat; dyspnea; leg edema; blood pressure fluctuations, headache, dizziness.

Characteristics of the main diseases of the organs of the cardiovascular system

Ischemic heart disease (CHD) is a disease characterized by a disturbance of blood supply to the heart muscle due to damage to the vessels of the heart. Ischemic heart disease is predominantly due to atherosclerosis. As a result of the atherosclerotic plaque, the lumen of the vessel is narrowed. Violation of the blood flow in the coronary vessels leads to insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle, resulting in the necrosis in the affected artery  — there is a heart attack.

Another common disease – arterial hypertension —a disease whose main feature is an increase in blood pressure. The basis of hypertension is the disruption of the functioning of the central nervous system and other systems of the body.

Congestive heart failure is characterized by weakening of the heart muscle, resulting in it is not able to pump blood properly. Its common symptoms are shortness of breath, inability to withstand even slight physical activity, and swelling of the legs. Congestive heart failure may result from damage caused by heart attack or cardiomyopathy (heart muscle disease).

Arrhythmia (abnormal heart rhythm) may be chronic and harmless, but in some cases it furthers the development of congestive heart failure, and may also be a concomitant factor in sudden cardiac arrest.

Cardiomyopathy develops when the heart muscle loses its ability to pump blood normally. This disease may be due to atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, although the exact cause often remains unclear.

Timely detection of risk factors and preventive work will enable to prevent cardiovascular diseases in the future and provide longevity. In our clinic, you can get  an electrocardiogram (ECG) and get a doctor’s advice.

 

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