Geneticist is an expert in the field of heredity, studying the processes associated with the transfer of genetic information to the offspring, as well as a violation of the human body due to the detection of mutations. Advising a physician-geneticist helps to identify and prevent the risks of possible pathological abnormalities in the development of the fetus, which are inherited.
Consultation with geneticist during the planning of pregnancy
A qualified consultation on heredity is needed at the stage of pregnancy planning. Appealing to a geneticist is worth even when potential parents do not have visual signs of genetic and other diseases or pathologies. The genetic survey of the spouses is conducted to detect possible hidden hereditary and other diseases that can be passed on to the offspring, which will exclude from future parents a risk group for different pathologies.
INDICATIONS TO THE PRENATAL GENETIC CONSULTATION:
- Age of pregnant 35 years or more. Age of a man 40 years or more.
- One of the spouses with hereditary pathology, chromosome alteration or congenital disorders.
- The presence in the family of living or dead children with:
♦ hereditary or chromosomal pathology;
♦ congenital malformations – isolated or multiple;
♦ mental retardation;
- Presence of the aforementioned pathology among relatives.
- Kinship marriage or incest.
- Usual miscarriage of unidentified genesis.
- Adverse effects in the early stages of pregnancy (illness, diagnostic or medical procedures, drug use).
- Complicated pregnancy (threatings in early terms that is not suitable for therapy, oligohydramnion, hydramnion).
- Pregnant after ART (assisted reproductive technology).
- Fetal pathology revealed during prenatal screening (ultrasound, biochemical markers, high individual genetic risk of chromosomal origin and some congenital pathology).
- Harmful working conditions of one of the spouses.
Genetic help for a family with reproductive losses and infertility is provided when it is established such indications:
- Anomalies of external and internal genital organs in conjunction with other congenital malformations (or without them);
- Pathology of puberty (premature, delayed, dysgrammonial puberty);
- Primary and secondary amenorrhea;
- Pathology of the ejaculate, which is not connected with the inflammatory or oncological process;
- Congenital aplasia of the ejaculatory ducts;
- Primary and secondary infertility, which is not connected with inflammatory or oncological processes;
- Cases of spontaneous abortion in any term, anembrionium, morbid pregnancy, stillbirth;
- Established chromosomal pathology in one or both members of a married couple.
List of tests required for preparing for planning hysteroscopy:
♦ Blood group. Rh-factor
♦ General blood tes
♦ Syphilis (RW)
♦ AIDS (HIV antibodies)
♦ Hepatitis B in HBsAg
♦ Bacterioscopy of vaginal discharge
♦ Cytological examination of the smear
♦ General urine analysis
♦ Blood Sugar (Glucose)