Among all the diseases, respiratory diseases are recorded most often. The rapid deterioration of the environmental situation, the increased level of injuries, which is accompanied by damage to the thorax, an increased number of oncological diseases of the respiratory organs, stress and occupational hazards cause the steady growth of lung diseases.
CAUSES OF PROGRESS OF RESPIRATORY DISEASES:
1) Infectious – viruses, bacteria, fungal infections, entering the body, can cause inflammatory diseases of the respiratory system (bronchitis, pneumonia);
2) allergic – many allergens (pollen, food, etc.) with which we contact each day, initiate the development of a violent reaction of the organism to some allergens (bronchial asthma);
3) autoimmune – when sometimes a malfunction occurs in the organism, it begins to produce substances directed against its own cells;
4) hereditary factor-a predisposition to the development of certain diseases can be in the genetic apparatus (genes).
Speaking about the causes of the development of respiratory diseases, one can not but mention the modern way of life. Smoking, alcohol abuse, workaholism. Many of us belong to the category of office workers. If a large number of people are in a single room for a long time (especially poorly ventilated), then the risk of “catching” acute respiratory infections, bronchitis or pneumonia is significantly increased. It is worth one coming to the office sick, and all the employees are at risk of contracting the same illness.
Calling for a doctor usually happens with the appearance of characteristic symptoms of respiratory diseases: dry or moist cough, shortness of breath, pain in the thorax, increased temperature. Often, the illness of the respiratory organs is detected accidentally during the X-ray examination. Suspection of a disease of the respiratory organs is possible with the basis of complaints and auscultation of the lungs. Treatment of lung diseases is aimed at the dilution of sputum, reduction of its amount and to facilitate the evacuation from the bronchi, the expansion of the bronchi, the removal of bronchial muscle spasm, the removal of inflammatory process in the broncho-pulmonary system, the normalization of gas exchange in the pulmonary tissue. The simplest measures for the prevention of pulmonary diseases are: the refusal of smoking , a healthy lifestyle and medical examination once a year.
CHARACTERISTICS OF BASIC RESPIRATORY DISEASES
Bronchitis is an inflammatory disease characterized by bronchial obstruction. The main symptom of bronchitis is a cough. The bronchitis can be severe and chronic. Chronic bronchitis is diagnosed in that case that cough with sputum is observed for at least three months a year for two years or more.
Pneumonia – a sharp infectious and inflammatory disease, in which the pulmonary tissue is affected, alveoli are drawn into the inflammatory process, and they are filled with fluid. The cause of this disease may be various pathogens (viruses, bacteria, fungi). Pneumonia – a disease characterized by a difficult course. Along with general intoxication symptoms (fever, general weakness) with pneumonia there is a cough, pain in the chest.
Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the respiratory tract with an allergic component. During the course of the disease, bronchial tubes are broken, their lumen may be narrowed. Bronchial asthma is manifested by attacks of breathlessness, coughing, difficulty in breathing, wheezing.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) – inflammation of bronchial tubes of non-allergic nature, in which there is a narrowing of the bronchi, resulting in the deterioration of normal gas exchange in the body. The main symptoms of COPD are cough with sputum .
In the Clinic of Professor Stephan Khmil you can receive the following services: bacteriological analysis to determine antibiotic sensitivity , laboratory examination, consultation with a therapeutist.