DIGESTIVE SYSTEM DISEASES - Клініка Стефана Хміля

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM DISEASES

Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are familiar to most of the population from school days and are due, at first, to inappropriate nutrition.

In order to maintain all life processes, a person needs energy. You can get it from food. In the gastrointestinal tract there is a primary food processing, digestion and utilization of its residues. The process of digestion is extremely complex, it involves many organs that produce the necessary enzymes, hormones. And the actions of all organs are controlled by the brain, endocrine and immune systems. Exactly, the supply of other organs and systems with the necessary nutrients depends on the correctness and efficiency of the etching processes. Each stage is important and necessary, so any violation can affect the state of the organism as a whole.

What contributes to the digestive diseases?

The frequent use of fast food, carbonated beverages, roasted, oily, smoked food, semi-finished products, as well as inadequate consumption of cereals, vegetables, fruits, sea fish, low-fat meats, nuts, and bad chewing lead to such diseases as gastroesophageal reflux disease, gastritis, gastroduodenitis, cholecystitis, steatohepatosis, pancreatitis, enterocolitis. Important role in the progression of these diseases is played by stress, smoking, alcohol use, and bad environmental conditions.

The main symptoms of diseases of the digestive system are: abdominal pain, which may occur before or after eating, night pain, clearly localized or non-localized pain may spread to the back or below the right shoulder blade; nausea and vomiting with food, bile, blood; diarrhea or constipation, feces of black color; bitterness in the mouth, dryness; heartburn; belch; bloating or growling stomach; chronic weight loss.

Let’s consider the most frequent diseases of the digestive system

Esophagitis – occurs when the mucous membrane of the esophagus is inflamed. This may be due to alcohol use, badly chewed food, burns. Such disease of the gastrointestinal tract as esophagitis may appear with strong pain, discomfort. There may be a feeling of burning, vomiting, and sometimes even with with admixture of blood.

Chronic gastritis is the most common disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Previously, it was thought that gastritis is a disease of students and people with a crazy rhythm of life that eat irregularly and incorrectly. Today, it is definitely known that the overwhelming majority of gastritis causes the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. Helicobacter infection is one of the most common in the world. Chronic gastritis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach. In fact, it is a disease that can have very serious consequences. First, absorption of various nutrients, for example, vitamin B12, is violated. The deficiency of this vitamin leads to the development of anemia. If you do not treat gastritis, then you can develop an atrophic form, which is considered a precancerous condition.

Chronic duodenitis and chronic colitis are inflammation of the mucous membranes of the duodenum and colon, respectively.

Cholecystitis or acute cholecystitis is gall bladder inflammation. The gallbladder is a pear-shaped, hollow structure located under the liver and on the right side of the abdomen. It stores the bile produced in the liver and sends it at the right time to the duodenum. Gall bladder helps in digestion of fats. Cholecystitis is a serious illness that requires immediate treatment, sometimes even surgical.

Chronic pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas, which in the absence of treatment leads to irreversible damage to the organ. The pancreas is located behind the stomach, it produces chemicals, the so-called enzymes, needed for digestion. It also produces hormones – insulin and glucagon. With the inflammation, the pancreas is damaged and is no longer able to produce the right amount of these biologically active substances, and, therefore, the system can not digest food. Damage to parts of the pancreas producing insulin can cause diabetes.  There are a lot of factors that influence the development of chronic pancreatitis. The most weighty of them is heredity and alcoholism. A timely visit to the doctor will help you avoid serious consequences.

Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a break in the lining of the stomach, first part of the small intestine or occasionally the lower esophagus. An ulcer in the stomach is known as a gastric ulcer while that in the first part of the intestines is known as a duodenal ulcer. There is no particular primary cause of peptic ulcer disease. However, it is clear that peptic ulcer is the result of a impaired balance between the lining of the duodenum or the stomach and the gastric acid that aggressively affect it. The leading role in the occurrence of the disease is played by the microorganism helicobacter pylori. Do not expect the ulcer to heal itself. If not treated, ulcers can lead to serious health problems, including bleeding, perforation (a hole through the wall of the stomach).

 

You can not ignore the signals of your body about the presence of a problem. It is only under the supervision of a qualified physician you can overcome the disease without harming yourself and your body. In our clinic, you can undergo ultrasound diagnostics of the abdominal cavity; laboratory diagnostics for the detection of functional disorders of the digestive system, presence of Helikobacter pylori,  parasitic diseases; get a consultation of a therapeutist, who will analyze your complaints, survey results, give you the necessary advices on nutrition and will make a correction with medicines if it is needed.

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